The list of fetishes is as long and irrational as that of phobias. This is what emerges from studies carried out for decades by researchers on the subject.
Fetishism: male name
Def .: Deviation of the sexual impulses of a subject on a substitute erotic object which can be a specific part of the body (hair, breasts, buttocks) as well as an object (clothing, shoes).
The term fetishism was first used in 1887 by a psychologist, Alfred Binet . Sigmund Freud will soon follow suit and will of course locate the cause of this perversion in the “ early childhood ” of his patients . If a man is a fetishist, it is because the little boy noticed the absence of a penis in women. And so, the fetish is his means of substituting for this lack. Smart.
Why these irrational impulses? Where do these weird fantasies come from? Since then, researchers remain fascinated by the question and never stop observing their fetishistic subjects, studying and classifying their practices, qualified or not as deviant according to the societies and the times.
The researchers also tortured their brains to find a precise definition of fetishism. Where does it stop? Does it necessarily have to involve an object? Or must it be a sign of a psychiatric problem? Can he be a passenger?
Fetishism has finally officially entered the list of disorders Paraphilic , in the International Classification of Diseases and in the DSM IV (the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). A paraphilia is an “intense sexual experience linked to atypical objects, situations, individuals’ ‘ . There is a non-exhaustive list here , between the classic mammophile (breast fetishism), nasophilia (nose fetishism) and trichophilia (hair and hair fetishism), and the most surprising: “Symphorophilia” (attending an accident car), Knismolagnie (tickling) and”Formicophilia” (collapsing under insects).
Bodies and objects
In 2004, as the Guardian recalls , a group of Swedish and Italian researchers even sucked data from hundreds of online fetish discussions (to be precise, the guinea pigs were English, around 50,000 and very verbose on the subject on ” Yahoo ! discussion groups ” ) to be able to classify each fetishist tendency according to its gender and frequency among the population . This is a first: until now, the data studied have mainly come from testimonials from patients in psychiatric hospitals or in therapy.
Unsurprisingly, it is the foot and toe fetishists who are the most numerous, followed closely by the obstinate ones of bodily fluids (blood, urine, tears …), of the size of the body (thin, fat, small, big). The less coveted fetishes are those related to nails, nose, neck, and body odor.
Barefoot bodybuilders or smoky women playing ball
Researchers differentiated these fetishes related to the body from those related to objects. Thus, in the second table, we find at the head the stockings, the skirts, the shoes and the clothes. Few people – but there are still many of them – covet diapers, hearing aids, catheters and pacemakers.
Of course, to fill in the boxes of their table, the researchers had to group them together. So, since they didn’t know where to classify those who like “barefoot bodybuilders ” or “female smokers who play ball ” , they redistributed them into various categories like “feet ” or “muscles ” .
In a world of 7 billion people, the list of fetishes is as long and irrational as that of phobias. Researchers are constantly catching up in this area. A new study entitled “Thematic analysis of the dacryphilia experience ” by Mark Griffiths and Richard Greenhill has just been published in the International Journal of Sexual Health . Griffiths teaches us that “dacryphilia is a non-normative sexual interest that involves the enjoyment or arousal associated with tears or crying and, to this day, has never been studied empirically . ” Good reading.